A Final Project Story: Gérard Genette’s Theory

2 Feb

I have to say that lately is indeed soooooooooooo complicated yet great.

What I’m going to post is about my final project (you might be call it thesis).

It is about Gérard Genette’s theory regarding narrative.

Gérard Genette’s work (1972 and 1983) pointed out that internal analysis, like any semiotic analysis, reveals two characteristics. Firstly, it is concerned with narratives as independent linguistic objects, separated from their context of production and reception. Secondly, it aims to reveal an underlying structure that can be identified in many different narratives.

Using an accurate typology, Genette has developed a theory of narratological poetics that may be used to address the entire inventory of narrative processes in use. According to Genette, every text reveals traces of narration, which can be studied in order to understand exactly how the narrative is organized. The approach sponsored here clearly addresses a level that lies below the access of interpretation, and as such, it constitutes a solid foundation, complementing other research being done in the social sciences, e.g., in sociology, literary history, ethnology and psychoanalysis Genette narratology consist of: narrative mood, narrative instance, levels, and narrative time.

ANALYTICAL CATEGORIES

ELEMENTS ANALYZED

COMPONENTS

NARRATIVE MOOD

DISTANCE

Narratized speech

Transposed speech, indirect style

Transposed speech, free indirect style

Reported speech

FUNCTIONS OF THE NARRATOR

Narrative function

Directing function

Communication function

Testimonial function

Ideological function

NARRATIVE INSTANCE

NARRATIVE VOICE

Homodiegetic narrator

Heterodiegetic narrator

Autodiegetic narrator

TIME OF NARRATION

Subsequent narration

Prior narration

Simultaneous narration

Interpolated narration

NARRATIVE PERSPECTIVE

Zero focalization

Internal focalization

External focalization

NARRATIVE LEVELS

EMBEDDED NARRATIVES

Extra-diegetic

Intra-diegetic

Meta-diegetic

Meta-meta-diegetic, etc.

METALEPSIS

Breaching of narrative levels

NARRATIVE TIME

ORDER

Analepsis

Prolepsis

Reach

Extent

NARRATIVE SPEED

Pause

Scene

Summary

Ellipsis

FREQUENCY OF EVENTS

Singulative

Repeating

Iterative


 Summary of Genette’s Narratology

For Genette, all narrative is telling, in that it can achieve no more than an illusion showing by making the story real and alive. Then, a narrative cannot duplicate reality. No matter how realistic it is intended to be a fictional act of language arising from a narrative illustration. “Narrative does not ‘represent’ a (real or fictive) story, it recounts it – that is, it signifies it by means of language […]. There is no place for imitation in narrative” (Genette, 1988). Genette claims that in no case is the narrator completely absent.

My supervisor said, “Are you sure about it? Our prof is now learning about this theory in U. S for 3 years, and his study is so complicated. We have to mastering France first.”

Well, I am sure. Wish me luck.

D

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